Tech

How to Create a Webpage [Using Html and CSS]

Creating a website that performs well and offers an incredible user experience is no easy feat. It can be overwhelming for many, as it needs careful planning, research and an experienced team of designers and developers. It takes a considerable amount of time and effort to come up with a website that attracts more visitors to your site and generates more sales.

 


With the help of HTML and CSS, you can develop a functional website for your business or clients. HTML and CSS are the two most important languages that web development teams used to create websites. HTML or HyperText Markup Language is used to provide structure to your website content by using headings, paragraphs, and images. While CSS or Cascading Style Sheet is a development language that is used to make style changes such as colours, fonts, etc. to improve the appearance of a webpage. It defines the presentation of a web page and its elements.
 
These two languages work together to create a final version of a webpage. Before starting your next web development project, it is important to learn how to create a webpage using HTML and CSS? 
 
Let’s get delve into the steps.

Understanding the Basics of HTML

While getting started with HTML, it is important to get familiar with the basic terms of this language.

Elements

Elements or HTML elements define the structure and content within a webpage. It starts with a start tag, includes its attributes and ends with an end tag. It helps build developers build an HTML document.  

Tags

Tags are the most important elements in an HTML document that give commands to the content, images, and audio files. Tags have brackets around them. They usually occur in pairs of opening and closing tags

 

WebPage = WebPage

 

The and tags will bold the text between and closing tags. Similarly, text tags are used to underline the text. 

text

tags are used to select the main heading of the webpage.

 

There are some more complex tags that are used to create a webpage with HTML. You can easily find a comprehensive list of HTML tags online that will help you understand the function of each tag.

Attributes

Attributes are properties that are used to provide additional information about the particular element. Some common attributes include,

  • the class attributes that classify the element
  • the src attribute that specifies a source for the embedded content
  • the href attribute which provides a hyperlink reference
Once you are familiar with the HTML elements, attributes, and tags, it’s time to set up the document structure by using HTML elements, tags and attributes.

How to Set up the HTML Document Structure?

When it comes to writing HTML, you need a plain text editor that can be saved with a .html file extension. Dreamweaver and Sublime Text are the two most famous plain text editors that can be used for writing HTML and CSS documents. Notepad ++ and TextWrangler are also good options for Windows and Mac respectively.
 
The standard HTML structure includes these elements: , ,, and.,, and .

elements to signify the beginning of the document.

also known as the document type declaration is used to inform web browsers about the version of HTML and place it at the beginning of the HTML document. After declaring the document type by using , now use elements to signify the beginning of the document.

For instance, the element is used to identify the top of the document, which also includes metadata. Keep in mind that the content used inside the element is usually not displayed on the webpage. It only includes the title of the document, links to external files and metadata. The content of a webpage is used within the element. 

 
   

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<!DOCTYPE html>

<html lang=”en”>

  <head>

    <meta charset=”utf-8″>

    <title>Hello World</title>

  </head>

  <body>

    <h1>Hello World</h1>

    <p>This is a web page.</p>

  </body>

</html>

 

Create Elements in the Layout

To create the basic code of your webpage, you need to create a new file named index.html and style.css files. Once you have created the index.html file, now is the time to create section elements. Use semantic elements

,
,

and

. After creating the sections of the page, fill them up. If you have content for the page, use it, if not, use dummy text which can easily be replaced later. You can see what you have done by copying the index.html file to the main directory of your web server. Now review the page by navigating to it through a web browser.

Add Basic Layout CSS

When you have completed the HTML doc, it’s time to focus on the visual style and appearance of the webpage. For example, width, height, margin, padding, position and display. There are some CSS terms that every web developer should know – Selectors, Properties and Values 

Selectors

When HTML elements are added to a webpage, they can be styled by using CSS selectors., such as colour, size, position, etc. A selector is used to identify which element withing the HTML needs to be styled. Selectors have a combination of qualifiers to select unique elements.  Please note that selectors are followed with curly brackets body {….}

Properties

Property is used to determine the style that is applied to the HTML element. For example, background, color, font size, height and width are a few properties that can be applied to the element. body {color: … ; font-size: … ; }

Values

The behaviour of the property can be determined by a value, which can be identified as the text between the colon and semicolon. body {color: blue ; font-size: 10px ; }

How to Use Selectors?

It is important to know the most common types of selectors – class and ID selectors
ID and Class selectors are used to style custom attribute names in the HTML file. ID is used to style one element, while class selectors can be used to style multiple elements.
Example of ID Selector:
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#lifestyle { }
 
              
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id=“lifestyle”>

 

Example of Class Selector:
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.element { }
 
              
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class=“element”>

class=“element”>
 
              
 

Referencing CSS

In order to get these two languages, work together, you need to reference the CSS file within the HTML. You can reference the CSS by including all styles in a single external style sheet which allows you to use the same styles across the website and make changes in the entire website.
 
When it comes to creating an external CSS style sheet, you need a text editor to create a plain text file with a .css file extension. Make sure to save your CSS file in the same folder where your HTML file is saved. Keep in mind that you can write CSS directly in theelement of the HTML document. The external CSS allows you to link multiple HTML pages to the same CSS file. Making any changes to the CSS will update the style for each page.
 
Make sure the webpage looks good on every browser. To ensure cross-browser compatibility, you can use CSS resets that involve removing any additional style and balance the page elements from top to bottom.

Preview the Webpage

To preview the webpage, use VS code – select “on index.html” and then select “open in the default browser”. Carefully check the font style, headings, header position, other basic framework and specific styles. You can change the colour, add background styles or any other elements to make it visually appealing.
So, here you go! You are done with your webpage. By using the same steps, everyone, including Toronto SEO & Canadian entrepreneurs, marketers, and bloggers can create the entire website using HTML and CSS.

Haider Jamal Abbasi (iAMHJA)

Hi, i am Haider Jamal Abbasi and founder of iAMHJA.com. Still, i am Struggler Blogger Start Own Journey on own Risk! it,s My Time to walk in Competitor World My Journey Started in 2018 and i love to writing trending topics people love to read. Any Quire and Problem Contact ME

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